There are various complications during pregnancy that an expecting mother needs to be aware of. One of these is gestational diabetes. This can occur during pregnancy and puts the expectant mom at risk of affecting the baby's development and causing premature delivery.
What are the risks factors associated with gestational diabetes mellitus?
Various risk factors cause one to develop gestational diabetes. These include maternal obesity, pregnancy-induced hypertension, diabetes mellitus in either the mother or the father, and eating a diet high in sugars and refined carbohydrates.
Is there a special diet plan for women with diabetes during pregnancy?
There is a special diet plan for women with diabetes during pregnancy. This includes the intake of dietary fibers and a diet high in calcium and foods rich in protein and iron. You can also eat vegetables, fruits and beans. However, you should avoid the intake of sugar products and high-fat foods, including those from the red meat group.
With the help of a balanced diet, which includes the right amount of calories and carbohydrates, you will be able to control your blood glucose levels.
What are the complications of gestational diabetes for the mother and baby?
The complications of gestational diabetes for the mother include preeclampsia, preterm delivery, and cesarean section. For the baby, gestational diabetes increases the risk of birth defects, hypoglycemia, and perinatal death. Gestational diabetes also increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. The longer the mother has gestational diabetes, the higher her risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
How can gestational diabetes be prevented?
Prevention of gestational diabetes is to maintain a healthy diet and exercise routine. It is always advised to eat more foods high in fiber and low in fat, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.
Also, women should have a daily intake of at least 30 minutes of exercise. Women are also advised to quit smoking and avoid consuming alcohol during pregnancy.
What are the treatment options for gestational diabetes?
The goal of treatment for gestational diabetes is to get the mother and baby's blood sugar levels within normal ranges, but without any serious complications. Talk with your gynecologist doctor in Indore about taking an oral hypoglycemic drug to help lower your blood sugar level. The most common drug used for this is metformin.
What Are The Causes, Symptoms?
Gestational diabetes occurs when the hormone insulin is absent from the body's pancreas. Insulin works to regulate blood sugar by storing excess glucose into body fat. When a woman does not produce enough insulin, her body doesn't take in the glucose it needs and stores it as extra body fat.
The symptoms of gestational diabetes include blurred vision, excessive hunger and frequent urination. The best gynecologist in Indore says the women diagnosed with gestational diabetes should use the opportunity to increase their awareness of their health and learn about what constitutes a healthy diet.
Who Is Most At Risk?
Gestational diabetes is most common in women who are age 35 or older and who had an excess of weight gain during pregnancy. It is also common in women, who have a genetic predisposition to developing it. However, gestational diabetes is not hereditary.