Bleeding gums can have causes that aren't because of some underlying illness. It may be a sign of poor oral hygiene. Most of us don’t pay too much attention to it when it is at the initial stage. Of course, who cares about bleeding gums unless it affects our daily routine, right? Well, for starters the initial bleeding may be due to flossing, teeth brushing, chewing tobacco, or cuts/abrasions from foods, however, if this problem persists even you aren’t doing any of the above then it is time you see your dentist.
Bleeding gums are the most common symptom of gum disease. But it also tells you that “Hey look there’s something more than what it looks.” Basically, it points to other health problems. As mentioned earlier if the bleeding is occasional then it is because you may have brushed with all your strength, or your dental crown does not fit properly. HOW-ever, if the gum bleeding is frequent then it is a sign of something serious such as periodontitis (an advanced form of gum disease), leukemia, vitamin deficiency, and lack of clotting cells.
What are the Causes of Bleeding Gums?
Improper dental care is one of the main reasons for bleeding gums. Gingivitis (inflammation in the gums) and periodontitis make your gums more prone to bleeding.
Gingivitis: Gingivitis is developed when the sticky substance known as plaque sits on your gums for too long. Plaque means the food particles and bacteria that combine to form the sticky substance. If it is not removed before it becomes hard then the bleeding will increase even more.
Periodontitis: You may call it, let’s say, ‘Super-Gingivitis’ or simply put it is the advanced form of gingivitis. Periodontal disease causes infection in the gums and supportive tissues and even the jawbone. You may even lose your teeth in the process.
Vitamin deficiencies: There are certain vitamin deficiencies that cause bleeding gums even if you follow good oral care. The most common ones are vitamin c and vitamin k. It is advised to get yourself checked for such problems. You will be suggested a diet that completes the need for vitamin c and k.
In order to prevent such oral problems, it is recommended that proper oral hygiene is maintained. That includes brushing, flossing (preferably an electric flosser such as oracura smart water flosser oc010, rather than a string flosser), limited snacking, regular visits to your dentist, etc.
People with dentures may also experience bleeding gums sometimes when it fits too tightly or if it moves over your gums. Consult with an orthodontist if your dentures or oral appliances are causing your gums to bleed. Certain conditions such as leukemia or hemophilia can also cause gum bleeding. While bleeding gums are the most common symptom of dental issues, other issues might be the cause. Schedule an appointment with your dentist to determine whether dental health is the underlying issue causing your bleeding gums. A physical examination and blood work can help determine the cause of your bleeding. Treatment will vary according to your condition.